Speed limitation in Bulgaria
|vehicle category||in populated area||outside populated area||highway||speedway|
|BE, CE, DE||50||70||100||90|
When towing maximum permissible speed is 40 km/h, and when towing with rigid on highway or speedway - 70 km/h.
Maximum permissible speed of vehicles carrying dangerous goods, in populated areas, is 40 km/h, outside populated areas - 50 km/h, on speedway and highway - 90 km/h.
Speed limitations in EU
in populated area
outside populated area
|Denmark||50||80||110 or 130|
|Spain||50||90 or 100||120|
|Estonia||50||90 or 100 or 110||-|
|France||50||90 or 110||130|
|Finland||50||80 or 100||100 or 120|
96 or 112
(60 or 70 miles)
|Greece||50||90 or 110||130|
|Hungary||50||90 or 110||130|
|Italy||50||90 or 110||130|
|Ireland||50||80 or 100||120|
|Lithuania||50||90||110 or 130|
|Netherlands||50||80 or 100||120|
|Portugal||50||90 or 100||120|
|Poland||50 or 60||90 or 100||130|
|Romania||50||90 or 100||130|
|Slovakia||50||90 or 100||130|
*Recommended maximum speed in Germany is 130 km/h
Current general speed limits in EU Member States
The general speed limit for motorways in EU Member States is mostly 120 or 130 km/h. Germany does not have a general speed limit for motorways, but a recommended speed of 130 km/h. The general speed limit for rural roads in EU Member States is mostly 80 or 90 km/h and for urban roads 50 km/h.
In most countries speed limits that differ from these general limits are applied. Widespread and well known are the 30 km/h zones in residential areas. In Germany, where there is no general speed limit for motorways, many sections of the motorway have a local posted speed limit which may range from 80 km/h to 130 km/h, related to both safety and environmental considerations. Also in the Netherlands, an increasing number of motorway sections have a permanent lower speed limit (notably 100 or 80 km/h) aiming to reduce air pollution and noise where there are adjacent residential areas.
EU countries apply a lower speed limit for heavy good vehicles (HGVs) and buses/coaches. The majority of countries only apply an overall maximum speed limit for HGVs (generally 80 km/h) and buses (varying between 80 and 100 km/h). By EU-Directive 92/24/EEC and its recent adaptation (2004/11/EEC), speed limiters are compulsory for HGVs of 3.500 kg and more and for buses of 10.000 kg or more. Some countries apply lower HGV and bus speed limits for different road types (e.g. Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom).
In the EU, only France applies lower general speed limits for bad weather conditions. In case of rain or snow, the speed limit for motorways changes from 130 km/h to 110 km/h and at rural roads from 90 km/h to 80 km/h. In case of fog (visibility less than 50 meters) the speed limit on all types of roads is 50 km/h. In other countries (e.g. Germany, United Kingdom) matrix signs on motorways provide advisory or compulsory reduced speed limits when weather conditions are bad.
Both Finland and Sweden apply different general speed limits in wintertime. In Finland, the speed limit at motorways changes from 120 km/h to 100 km/h and, on main rural roads, from 100 km/h to 80 km/h; these have been evaluated by Peltola . Similarly in Sweden the speed limits change respectively from 110 km/h to 90 km/h and from 90 km/h to 70 km/h.
In France, it is common to reduce the general speed limit by 20 or 30 km/h on a temporary basis, generally in case of high temperatures, with the aim to reduce air pollution and smog.