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Online driving theory tests 2016. Useful Information.

Motor vehicle categories

Last update: November 2013

Effective since 19 January 2013
 

category АМ
  • mopeds - two-wheeled vehicles with a maximum design speed not exceeding 45 km/h, with an internal combustion engine of a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cm3 or 4 kW maximum continuous rated power in the event of a electric motor;
  • mopeds - tricycles engines ignition cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cm3 or more than 4 kW maximum power net in case of other internal combustion engines, or no more than 4 kW maximum continuous rated output in the case of an electric motor;
  • light four-wheeled vehicles with unladen mass (excluding the mass of the batteries in electric drive) no more than 350 kg, a maximum design speed not exceeding 45 km/h, internal combustion engines with spark ignition cylinder capacity of not more greater than 50 cm3 and not more than 4 kW maximum net power in the case of other internal combustion engines, or not more than 4 kW maximum continuous rated power in case of an electric motor;

In the category are not included vehicles with a maximum design speed less than or equal to 25 km/h.

 
category А1
  • motorcycles with an engine capacity not exceeding 125 cm3, with a maximum capacity of not more than 11 kW and a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.1 kW/kg;
  • tree-wheeled motor vehicles with a power not exceeding 15 kW;
 
category А2
  • motorcycles with a power not exceeding 35 kW and a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.2 kW/kg, as the twice real power is not greater than the net power of the engine;
 
category А
  • motorcycles and three-wheeled motor vehicles with a power over 15 kW
  • motorcycles - two-wheeled vehicles without a sidecar, with an internal combustion engine with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cm3 and/or a maximum design speed exceeding 45 km/h
  • bike - motor vehicles with two wheels and a cage, with an internal combustion engine with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cm3 and/or a maximum design speed exceeding 45 km/h;
  • tree-wheeled motor vehicles - vehicles with three wheels, symmetrical arrangement of the wheels to the longitudinal median plane, an internal combustion engine with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cm3 and/or a maximum design speed exceeding 45 km/h;
 
category В1
  • four-wheeled vehicles with an unladen weight not exceeding 400 kg (excluding the mass of batteries for electric cars) or 550 kg for vehicles intended for the carriage of goods (excluding the mass of batteries for electric cars) and whose maximum net engine power is not more than 15 kW
these vehicles must meet the technical requirements applicable to tree-wheeled motor vehicles of category L5e, unless the enactment provided certain technical requirements for them;
 
category В
  • motor vehicles with a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 3500 kg, designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than 8 passengers plus the driver;
motor vehicles in this category may be stock with a trailer with a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 750 kg;
without prejudice to the rules for the approval of the vehicles, vehicles in this category may be stock with a trailer with a maximum permissible mass exceeding 750 kg, in case that the maximum permissible mass of the composition does not exceed 4250 kg;
 
category ВЕ
  • composition of vehicles with a drawing vehicle from category B and a trailer or semi-trailer where the maximum authorized mass of the trailer does not exceed 3500 kg;

without prejudice to the rules for the approval of the relevant road vehicles

 
category С1
  • motor vehicles different than those in categories D1 or D, with a maximum permissible mass exceeding 3500 kg but not exceeding 7500 kg, which are designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than 8 passengers plus the driver;
motor vehicles in this category may be stock with a trailer with a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 750 kg;
 
category С1Е
  • composition of vehicles with a towing vehicle/tug vehicle from category C1 and its trailer or semi-trailer with a maximum permissible mass of the trailer over 750 kg, provided that the maximum permissible mass of the composition does not exceed 12,000 kg;
  • composition of vehicles with a towing vehicle of category B and a trailer with a maximum permissible mass of the trailer over 3500 kg, provided that the maximum permissible mass of the composition does not exceed 12,000 kg;
without prejudice to the rules for the approval of the relevant road vehicles
 
category С
  • motor vehicles different than those in categories D1 or D, whose maximum permissible mass exceeds 3500 kg, which are designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than 8 passengers plus the driver;
motor vehicles in this category may be stock with a trailer with a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 750 kg;
 
category СЕ
  • composition of road vehicles with a towing vehicle from category C and a trailer or a semi-trailer with a maximum permissible mass exceeding 750 kg;
without prejudice to the rules for the approval of the relevant vehicles
 
category D1
  • motor vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of not more than 16 passengers plus the driver and with a maximum length not exceeding 8 m;
motor vehicles in this category may be combined with a trailer having a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 750 kg;
 
category D1E
  • composition of vehicles with a towing vehicle of category D1 and a trailer with a maximum permissible mass exceeding 750 kg;
without prejudice to the rules for the approval of the relevant vehicles
 
category D
  • motor vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of more than 8 passengers plus driver;
motor vehicles which can be driven by a driving license of category D, can be combined with a trailer having a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 750 kg;
 
category DE
  • composition of vehicles where the tug vehicle is from category D, and a trailer is with a maximum permissible mass exceeding 750 kg;
without prejudice to the rules for the approval of the relevant vehicles
 
category Т
  • wheeled tractors (Тkt)
  • to this category are equated and trams (Тtm).

 

АМ 16 years theoretical exam

Condition for enrollment course:

- minimum age: 15 years and 11 months

- primary education

А1 16 years

theoretical and practical exams

(candidates with driving license for category B is taking a practical exam only)

Condition for enrollment course:

- minimum age: 15 years and 9 months

- primary education

If the candidate possess a driving license for category C, he/she is taking a theoretical training only, which includes 4 hours "General structure of the motorcycle;

А2 18 years

theoretical and practical exams

(if the candidate posses a driving license for category В, he/she is taking the practical exam only)

Condition for enrollment course:

-  the age not less than 17 years and 9 months

- primary education

If the candidate possess a driving license for category В, he/she passes to theoretical training, which includes 4 hours "General construction of the motorcycle";.

If the candidate posses a driving license to drive a motorcycle from category А1 for a period less than 2 years, he/she passes to training, that includes 14 hours "Driving a vehicle" and taking the internal practical exam and official practical exam.

If the candidate posses a driving license to drive a motorcycle from category А1 for a period of 2 or more years, he/she passes to training that includes 7 hours ""Driving of a vehicle" and taking internal and official practical exams.

 

А 24 years

theoretical and practical exam

(if the candidate posses a driving license for category В, he/she is taking practical exam only)

20 г. - if the candidate posses a driving license to drive a motorcycle from category А2 for a period not less than 2 years or (21 years - to drive a tree-wheeled vehicles with a power exceeding 15 kW

If the candidate possess the driving license for category В   the theoretical training consists 4 hours "General construction of motorcycle".

if the candidate posses a driving license to drive a motorcycle from category А1, the theoretical training consists 14 hours. He/she is taking internal practical exam and official practical exam.

If the candidate possess a driving license for category А and possess a driving license to drive a motorcycle from category А2 for a period less than 2 years, he/she pass a theoretical training that consists 14 hours. He/she is taking internal practical exam and official practical exam.
 
If the candidate possess a driving license for category А and possess a driving license to drive a motorcycle from category А2 for a period of not less than 2 years, he/she pass a theoretical training that consists 7 hours. He/she is taking internal practical exam and official practical exam.
В1 17 years theoretical and practical exam

Condition for enrollment course:

- age of 16 years and 9 months
- primary education
 
 
The candidate who holds a driving license for category "В1", is not subject to training for category "В", but is taking theory and practical exams.
В 18 years theoretical and practical exam

Condition for enrollment course:

- minimum age of 17 years and 9 months
- primary education
ВЕ

18 years practical exam

Condition for enrollment course:

- a driving license for category "B" 

- minimum age of 17 years and 9 months
- primary education
 
The training is practical.
С1 18 years  

 

The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.

С1Е

18 years

theoretical and practical exam

psychological fitness

The training is practical only.

The candidate who holds a driving license for category DE is not subject to mandatory training.

The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.

С 18 years  

Condition for enrollment course:

- driving license for category В
- primary education
- successfully passed a psychological fitness exam 
 
The candidate who holds a driving license for category С1, is taking a theoretical training only, that includes a whole module "General construction of vehicles".
 
The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.
Each candidate has passed the exam, obtain certificate of professional competence.
СЕ

21 years

theoretical and practical exam

psychological fitness

The candidate who holds a driving license for category DE is not object of mandatory training.

If the candidate holds a driving license for category С1Е or category D1Е, he/she is taking a theoretical training only.

The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.

Each candidate has passed the exam, obtain certificate of professional competence.

D1 21 years

theoretical and practical exam

psychological fitness

The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.

Each candidate has passed the exam, obtain certificate of professional competence.

D1E

21 years

theoretical and practical exam

psychological fitness

The training is only practical.

The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.

Each candidate has passed the exam, obtain certificate of professional competence.

D 24 years

theoretical and practical exam

psychological fitness

The candidate who holds a driving license for category D1 is not object of mandatory training.

The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.

Each candidate has passed the exam, obtain certificate of professional competence.

DE

24 years

theoretical and practical exam

psychological fitness

If the candidate holds a driving license for category D1Е she/he has to pass a theoretical training only.

The drivers who perform public services or operations on own account (of people and goods) must hold a qualification card. The card is obtained after passing the special courses for initial qualification and successfully passed exams provided. The card is valid for 5 years. Periodically training on every five years.

Each candidate has passed the exam, obtain certificate of professional competence.

Tkt 18 years theoretical and practical exam The candidate who holds a driving license for category А, В, Тtb, Тtm, А1, В1 has to pass a practical training only.
Тtm 21 years theoretical and practical exam